Features and benefits :
- Maize is the most valuable energy source among cereals.
- Maize has a high starch content (about 70%), about 4% oil and a low fibre content (10% NDF).
Feeding Recommendations :
As all feeding systems and requirements are different, it is recommended you seek the advice of a nutritionist to best develop a suitable feeding program for your requirements and feeding rations. Maize grain is a valued energy source in ruminants. In dairy cows, it can support high milk yields thanks to its high starch content. Providing adequate amounts of starch also promotes rumen bacteria growth thus enhancing forage digestibility, rumen cycling and subsequent feed intakes. As it contains a slowly degrading starch in the rumen, maize grain has a low acidogenic value and provides by-pass starch allowing glucose absorption in the small intestine. However, because it has poor protein content, maize grain has to be properly complemented with a protein source to fulfill dairy cattle requirements. High yielding cows fed on maize grain require high quality forage such as alfalfa or a combination of low quality forage (hay) and soybean meal (as a protein source). For high milk production, steam-flaked maize grains are fed to cows since it is more digestible and more palatable, and improves milk yield and milk protein yield. In steers, maize grain is frequently the main concentrate: it is highly digestible and it is the most palatable cereal for cattle. High moisture maize and steam-flaked maize are reported to give higher animal performance than dry-rolled when fed in finishing rations. In pigs, maize is the reference to which other energy sources are compared. It is of utmost value for growing and fattening pigs, for sows and breeding stock, provided that its protein, vitamin and mineral deficiencies are counterbalanced by appropriate feed complements (with good quality proteins including limiting amino acids).In poultry, maize is appreciated for its highly digestible starch, low fibre and relatively high oil content resulting in high metabolizable energy values.
Maize grain should be stored in a cool, dry and aerated place to prevent heating and/or gas accumulation (due to germination) and condensation that may lead to mold development.
* Nutritional values are a guide and average values only. Values will vary dependent on genetics, environment, management systems, storage and climatic conditions.