Features and benefits :
- There is virtually no starch in any of the lupin species.
- The greatest form of lupin utilization in Australia is as a whole-grain feed for grazing sheep, to supplement low grade roughage diets.
- The high energy and protein content together with the low acidosis risk due to the lack of starch and the low levels of anti-nutritional factors (trypsin inhibitor, tannins, lignin and lectins) makes high levels of lupin inclusion attractive.
Feeding Recommendations :
As all feeding systems and requirements are different, it is recommended you seek the advice of a nutritionist to best develop a suitable feeding program for your requirements and feeding rations. Lupins are widely used as a source of protein and energy in livestock feeds. Their high protein content makes them a valuable resource for monogastric and ruminant production systems as they are cost competitive with a wide range of other protein sources. Their low levels of starch and high levels of fermentable carbohydrate make them a highly desirable ruminant feed due to the low risk of acidosis. The comparatively high levels of soluble and insoluble non-starch polysaccharides can influence the utilization of other nutrients in lupins and hence they must be used strategically if livestock production responses are to be optimized. In addition, comparatively low levels of the sulphur amino acids, methionine and cystine, influence the way lupins are used in livestock diets. Although lupins are relatively high in protein, the biological value of the protein is limited by a relatively low in methionine and lysine. However, low levels of methionine and lysine are of little or no consequence to ruminants where the protein is mostly ruminant fermented. In pig and poultry diets these shortfalls can be made up from other proteins or synthetic amino acids. Lupins are generally fed to ruminants whole, cracked or flaked.
Lupin grain should be stored in a cool, dry and aerated place to prevent heating and/or gas accumulation (due to germination) and condensation that may lead to mold development.
* Nutritional values are a guide and average values only. Values will vary dependent on genetics, environment, management systems, storage and climatic conditions.